Quick Answer: Is Decane A Liquid At Room Temperature?

How do you make Decane?

Decane can be extracted from various petroleum solvents, such as Stoddard solvent (which contains a mixture of aliphatic and alicyclic C7 to C12 hydrocarbons), via fractional distillation, though you need a large amount of Stoddard solvent to obtain any useful amount of n-decane..

What is decane formula?


Is decane toxic?

Decane is brought to the attention of the Chemical Selection Working Group as an environmental pollutant with widespread human exposure but limited toxicological information. … Chronic toxicity studies described decane as a cocarcinogen and tumor promoter in skin cancer.

Is decane soluble in water?

Decane has a molecular weight of 142.28 g mol−1. At 20 °C, n-decane has solubility in water of 0.009 mg l−1, a vapor pressure of 2.7 mm Hg, and a Henry’s law constant of 5.15 atm-m3 mol−1.

What is decane soluble in?

Decane is a component of gasoline (petrol) and kerosene. Like other alkanes, it is a nonpolar solvent, does not dissolve in water, and is readily combustible.

Why hexane is liquid at room temperature?

Because ethane at room temperature and pressure is a gas, and hexane at room temperature and pressure is a liquid. The larger the molecule gets, the more likely it is to be a liquid or solid. Ethane is light, and hexane is heavier, thus it is a liquid.

What is the most stable isomer of C9H20?

tetramethylpentaneWhy is 2,2,3,4-tetramethylpentane the most stable isomer of C9H20? : chemhelp.

Why are alkanes liquid at room temperature?

As the carbon chain gets very long, the physical state of the alkane becomes oily and waxy, but even n−C10H24 is a room temperature liquid.

Is pentane a liquid at room temperature?

The alkanes can exist as gases, liquids, or solids at room temperature. The unbranched alkanes methane, ethane, propane, and butane are gases; pentane through hexadecane are liquids; the homologues larger than hexadecane are solids. … Solid alkanes are normally soft, with low melting points.

What does nonane smell like?

Nonane is a linear alkane hydrocarbon with the chemical formula C9H20….Nonane.NamesAppearanceColorless liquidOdorGasoline-likeDensity0.718 g/mLMelting point−54.1 to −53.1 °C; −65.5 to −63.7 °F; 219.0 to 220.0 K55 more rows

Where is decane found?

N-Decane is an alkane taste. N-Decane is found in highest concentrations in common oregano and safflowers and also in corns, sweet bay, and sweet cherries ( http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/data/rw1353501.html#tooccur).

Is acetone dissolve in water?

AcetoneNamesMelting point−94.7 °C (−138.5 °F; 178.5 K)Boiling point56.05 °C (132.89 °F; 329.20 K)Solubility in waterMiscibleSolubilityMiscible in benzene, diethyl ether, methanol, chloroform, ethanol76 more rows

Is propane a liquid at room temperature?

The obvious answer is because propane is a gas at room temperature, while 2-propanol is a liquid at room temperature. … Propane is a hydrocarbon, which means it only has C-H bonds.

How dangerous is pentane?

► Inhaling Pentane can irritate the nose and throat. ► Exposure can cause headache, dizziness, lightheadedness, and passing out. may cause a build-up of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema), a medical emergency.

Is Decane a liquid?

N-decane appears as a colorless liquid. Flash point 115°F. Less dense than water and insoluble in water.

Which alkanes are liquid at room temperature?

Methane,ethane,propane and butane are gases at room temperature while higher alkanes from pentane till C-17 alkanes are liquids;and after C-18 they are solids.

Which of the following is liquid at room temperature?

The only liquid elements at standard temperature and pressure are bromine (Br) and mercury (Hg). Although, elements caesium (Cs), rubidium (Rb), Francium (Fr) and Gallium (Ga) become liquid at or just above room temperature.

How is decane used today?

As a type of hydrocarbon, it can undergo hydrocarbon combustion which gives off heat energy. Decane is a colourless liquid with a strong odour. This organic molecule is a major component of diesel fuel and is also used in paint manufacturing as a hydrocarbon solvent.

What is the phase of pentane at room temperature?

liquidPentane is a liquid at standard conditions. However, if heated above 36°C/97°F it becomes a gas, and when cooled it becomes a solid. The phase diagram for pentane shows the phase behavior with changes in temperature and pressure.

Is nonane a liquid at room temperature?

Nonane is an alkane that has a chemical formula of C9H20 C 9 H 20 . … Hence, nonane exists as a liquid at room temperature.

Which alkene is liquid at room temperature?

At room temperature, ethene, propene and butene are gaseous while higher, unbranched alkenes are liquids. Starting with 16 C atoms, alkenes are solids.